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 Spider-Man Encyclopedia  - Spider-Man Villains - Doctor Octopus

Dr. Otto Octavius is a respected scientist, one of the world's foremost experts in radiation and is also the world's biggest villain known as Doctor Octopus, but he didn't start out as a villain. He used four mechanical arms in his scientific experiments, which bonded with his nervous system after an explosion.

 Now he combines physical power with mad genius. He was a founding member and the leader of the Sinister Six. He was partially responsible for the death of George Stacy, among other things, and even led the Masters of Evil at one point. Octavius even became a victim of Spider-Man's insane clone, Kaine, who murdered him, but he was later resurrected by the evil ninja group known as the Hand. He was incarcerated in Riker's Island but escaped when he heard the Green Goblin escaped. The villain confronted the Goblin at the George Washington Bridge and both were struck by electricity, falling into the New York river. Both of them survived and Ock had remained loose until Peter Parker revealed he is Spider-Man during the superhero Civil War.

Amazing Spider-Man 3

 Ock attacked Spider-Man and Ock's arch-nemesis revealed his own face to him. They fought and Spider-Man won, putting Ock back in jail once more.

Dr. Octopus was Created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko, he first appeared in Amazing Spider-Man #3 (July 1963).

Though Doctor Octopus himself is portly, in poor physical shape, and is near-sighted, with his harness attached he is physically more than a match for Spider-Man: in his first appearance he beat Spider-Man so badly that the wall-crawler considered giving up his heroic career, until he was inspired to continue by the Human Torch at the time when the Fantastic Four were called in to fight Doctor Octopus.

Octavius was for a time on good terms with Peter Parker's Aunt May, whom he first met in The Amazing Spider-Man Annual #1 (1964) when he abducted her and Peter's then-girlfriend Betty Brant to attract Spider-Man's attention. In fact, in later years May Parker and Otto Octavius were briefly engaged to be married. Their wedding was interrupted by Hammerhead. That would have been a strange couple

Ultimate Doctor Octopus
Visually, Ultimate Doc Ock is no longer fat and middle aged, but young and mildly muscular. His arms are also different: he modifies them so that their ends are made up of nanobots, and thus can have various lethal accessories, transforming the three-pronged 'claws' into flamethrowers, tasers, and machine guns. Also, the 616 Doc Ock wore glasses or sunglasses due to nearsightedness, and also as a styling accessory. The Ultimate Universe's version wears sunglasses to disguise horrible wounds inflicted on his eyes during the accident that created him, that leave him very sensitive to light.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

Ultimate Doctor Octopus in Ultimate Spider-Man, Dr. Otto Octavius is introduced as a lab assistant to Norman Osborn and secretly a spy for Osborn's business rival, Justin Hammer. He is caught in a lab accident (the same one that turns Norman into the Green Goblin), grafting his traditional metal arms onto his body. After this incident, he is able to communicate with these mechanical arms via telepathy. He modifies his arms to have the power to morph into different shapes, and then seeks revenge against Justin Hammer, but Spider-Man intervenes. Although Octavius is defeated by Spider-Man, Justin Hammer perishes due to a heart attack caused by Doctor Octopus attacking him.

Afterwards, Octavius is brought into S.H.I.E.L.D. custody where he, along with Norman Osborn, form the Ultimate Six, comprised of some of Spider-Man rogues gallery and an unwilling Spider-Man himself. In a battle between the Six and the Ultimates on the White House lawn, Octopus is taken down by the Wasp. Octavius is separated from his tentacles and held in a different prison far away from them.

Octavius later finds out that his ex-wife is giving the rights to use his likeness in the Spider-Man film. Outraged, he summons his tentacles from the S.H.I.E.L.D. facility and goes on a rampage, until he is once again stopped by Spider-Man. Back in S.H.I.E.L.D. custody, Nick Fury melts Doctor Octopus' mechanical arms in front of him and instructs the guards to watch the melting mechanism for at least an hour afterward to make sure the arms would not try to escape. However, in the "Ultimate Hobgoblin" Arc, it was revealed that a spare set of arms existed within a bunker belonging to Norman Osborn. Plans for these remain to be seen.

In the recent Ultimate Clone Saga, Otto Octavius was revealed to be responsible for all the Spider-Man clones, including an older clone of Peter believing itself to be Richard Parker. His experimentation and research was done for the FBI in order to find a way to create super soldiers so the U.S. Government wouldn't have to be reliant on Nick Fury's monopoly on the Ultimates; he appears alongside Fury, SHIELD and the Fantastic Four in #102 in the storming of an Osborn Industries plant, and is outside Fury's jurisdiction. At the end of #103, it is revealed that Octavius actually did not have a psychic link with his arms only, rather that he has the ability to manipulate metal. In issue #104 he creates a new set of arms out of metal scraps and battles both Spider-Man and Ultimate Spider-Woman before being knocked out. How similar or dissimilar his power is to that of Magneto is unknown, because his use of these powers is seen in only two issues (and a very minor portion of the first). A possible explanation is that he holds a telepathic link with all Metal that was exposed to the OZ explosion, as he has thusfar only been seen to control Metal with these properties.

Doctor Octopus in MC2
In the MC2 alternate continuity, it is revealed that Doctor Octopus attacked the Daily Bugle shortly after the disappearance/retirement of Spider-Man, killing editor-in-chief Joseph "Robbie" Robertson. This motivates Bugle publisher J. Jonah Jameson to initiate "Project: Human Fly", an attempt to create a government controlled superhero. Mercenaries (later revealed to be in the employ of Doctor Octopus) attempt to steal the Human Fly suit, but are thwarted when Jameson's grandson takes the suit (the controls of which bond to the first user) and becomes the superhero The Buzz. The Buzz and Spider-Girl eventually apprehend Doctor Octopus, who falls into a coma from which he is not expected to recover.

Later, the mantle of Doctor Octopus is taken up by Lady Octopus.

Doctor Octopus' first appearance outside of comics was in the 1960s Spider-Man animated series, where he appeared in two episodes.
He also made one appearance in the 1980s animated series Spider-Man, in which he stole crystals in order to enhance the power of his extra arms.
Doctor Octopus was later a guest villain in The Incredible Hulk animated series, in the 1982 episode "Tomb of the Unknown Hulk", in which he had stolen a rocket ship in the military camp.
Finally, he appeared in a third-season episode of Spider-Man and his Amazing Friends in 1983. In both of his later two 1980s animated appearances, he was voiced by Michael Bell.

Doctor Octopus made several appearances in the 1990s animated series Spider-Man: The Animated Series. Dr. Octopus used to be Otto Octavius, who was Peter Parker's science teacher at Science Camp this relationship of former mentor and pupil made Dr Octopus fond of Peter even after his descent into villainy. One day, Octavius created a fusion experiment, using four metal tentacles. When the experiment exploded, Octavius' tentacles were permanently stuck on his back. In his first appearance, Dr. Octopus kidnaps Felicia Hardy and J. Jonah Jameson for ransom from Felicia's mother, as Felicia's mom didn't have patience to fund Ock's experiments. When Peter calls him, Dr. Octopus decides to have Peter bring the ransom. After he was defeated by Spider-Man, Dr. Octopus was captured, and was taken to jail.

Doctor Octopus in 1990s Spider-Man animated series.Later, he became a member of The Insidious Six in the first two episodes of Season 2 and the five-part episode, "Six Forgotten Warriors" in Season 5, and one of the Kingpin's enforcers after the first episodes of Season 2, helping him commit crimes. He even came far as wiping out Spider-Man's memory and making him think the two were partners-in-crime. But thanks to Spider-Man's fangirl, Tiana, and a cabbie named Mousie, he got his memory back and Octavius was sent back to jail.

He eventually became aware that Anastasia Hardy's husband, John Hardesky, was a cat burgular known as the Cat and used this information to blackmail Mrs. Hardy into giving him his money. But he was abducted by the Kingpin for Octavius to work for the crime lord again and his plans were not to reveal to the world that Mrs. Hardy's husband was a crook but merely use John Hardesky because he was jailed for knowing the super-soldier formula that created Captain America during World War II.

After Hardesky was kidnapped, Ock was sent to kidnap Felicia to blackmail Hardesky if he didn't reveal the super-solider formula, she'll die. Hardesky revealed the formula and it was tested on Felicia, turning her into the Black Cat. His final appearance in the show was in the three-part "Secret Wars", in which he ruled an alien planet city renamed "Octavia".

Unfortunately, it was stolen by Dr. Doom and renamed it New Latveria, forcing Ock to work for the Red Skull. When Doom absorbed the Beyonder's powers, Doom transported Alistair Smythe, the Red Skull and Ock back to Earth with them getting amnesia from the events. In the series finale of this show, despite Ock not appearing in it, Spider-Man was sent by Madame Web and the Beyonder to stop the evil Spider-Carnage from destroying all reality, helping Spider-Man was other Spider-Men from different realities. One of them had metallic tentacles like Ock and that Spider-Man explained it was a "souvenir from my last fight with Doc Ock". It is unknown if that Spider-Man killed or had Ock killed in his reality and stole his robotic arms, but it seems likely. In all of these episodes, Doc Ock was voiced by Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., who gave the character a thick Germanic accent. Efrem also voiced the character in the Playstation and N64 Spider-Man game, as well as for a ride at Universal Studios Islands of Adventure, The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man.


Doc Ock in Spider-Man 2

Doctor Octopus is portrayed by Alfred Molina in the film Spider-Man 2 (2004). However, the story is very contracted, and Octavius seems to have become Dr. Octopus and died within a year. While the comic version has been portrayed as highly arrogant, in the movie, Otto Octavius is a generally likable man. He regards intelligence as a gift that should be used to benefit mankind, is married (Which did not occur in the comics, but has been added to dramatize the story) and rather than working with nuclear material, he uses nuclear fusion to create a miniature electricity-generating "sun", which he manipulates with his tentacles, which he describes as resistant to heat, radiation and magnetism. They are designed with a complex claw system allowing the Octavius to manipulate objects of any size. Each claw also houses a separate camera, allowing the Doctor to see in any direction.
Movie Image

The tentacles are also different - in the comics, Octavius controlled them with dials prior to his accident, but in the movie, they are attached to his nervous system along his spinal cord and he controls them mentally from the outset; they also have a degree of artificial intelligence in the movie. Octavius controls this with an inhibitor chip, but when the chip is destroyed in his accident (caused when the "sun" he creates becomes unstable, and a large "flare" from it strikes him in the back, administering a huge electric shock that fuses the tentacles' attachments to his spine), they are able to manipulate his mind and drive him to rebuild his failed fusion device. The tentacles' influence, combined with the loss of his wife and his failure, is what makes Doc Ock evil in the movie, rather than him simply becoming insane due to brain damage from the accident as he does in the comics.

Doctor Octopus confronts Spider-Man in the movie when he robs a bank to gain money for buying parts for the new fusion device. Later, he completes the device, but requires precious tritium to fuel it, and turns to Harry Osborn to provide it for him. Harry agrees, if Ock will bring him Spider-Man (in the first movie, Harry was led to believe that Spider-Man killed his father, and is obsessed with vengeance in the second movie). This leads to Ock tracking down Peter Parker and kidnapping Mary Jane Watson so Peter will "persuade" Spider-Man to meet him. Oddly enough, he throws a car at Peter and Mary Jane while they are sitting in a restaraunt, while knowing that Parker is his only way to find Spider-man (and having been asked by Harry to "not hurt Peter". Another battle ensues between Spider-Man and Doc Ock, which the villain wins (Spider-Man is forced to stop a speeding train that Octavius makes go out of control, correctly anticipating the superhero would be too weak to resist him after he stops it).

After delivering Spider-Man to Harry, Doctor Octopus gets his tritium and creates another, larger "sun", which also becomes unstable, threatening to either drag Manhattan into it with its powerful gravity and magnetic field, or explode. Having escaped from Harry, Spider-Man arrives on the scene and fights Doc Ock again - he knocks Ock back far enough to reach the fusion plug, thus giving him another giant electrical shock. When Spider-Man unplugs the device, however, the "sun" is not destroyed, having become so large it is self-sustaining. The second electric shock appears to free Octavius from the influence of his tentacles - after some mental effort fighting them back, along with a conversation with Peter (Who voluntarily unmasks to talk to his former hero), he regains control of his mind, returns to his good nature and destroys the "sun" himself by pulling down its supports so it sinks into the river and is contained. Doctor Octopus sinks down after it, and appears to die. His last words were, "I will not die a monster."

In the novel written of the film it's indicated that the "solar flare" has also given him extremely light-sensitive eyes, and that the glasses are in fact sunglasses for this purpose.

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